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Niedermaas type socketed axe
 
Original
 
Found: Netherlands
Age: late bronze age

Model
 
The model to make the mould is made from clay and sand.

Mould
 
To make the mould, I made two equally sized flat pieces of clay, tempered with sand, which I then formed around the model. After these halves were made to fit and properly finished, they were put aside for several days to let them dry. This firmed up the clay, so I could use the mould to form the core. By making the core several days later, the core would shrink further and therefore always fit after all the parts are fully dried.

Casting result
 
The quality of the casting is great, although the loop has filled. This is difficult to open up with authentic tools. Therefore I've finished this axe using modern tools.

Finished axehead
 
Here the finished axehead can be seen.